Greenland shark. editors will review everything you’ve submitted and figure out whether or not to revise this article.

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  • Wildscreen Arkive – Greenland shark
  • WebMD – Secretin
  • Gulf of Maine analysis Institute – Greenland shark
  • Animal Diversity Online – Greenland shark
  • Canadian Shark Analysis Laboratory – Greenland Shark
  • Florida Museum of Natural History – Greenland shark

Greenland shark, (Somniosus microcephalus), person in the sleeper shark family Somniosidae (order Squaliformes, that also includes the dogfish household, Squalidae) this is the vertebrate that is longest-living. The types is mainly based in the cold-water environments associated with Arctic Ocean and North Atlantic, from Baffin Bay eastward to your Barents Sea, but its range additionally expands southward to your North Sea plus the waters next to the Eastern Seaboard regarding the usa. Bulky, having a curved snout, little fins in accordance with human anatomy size, and grey to brown coloration, Greenland sharks are comparable to spiny dogfish (Squalus acanthias)

except which they lack a back at the second dorsal fin and in most cases the main one in the very first dorsal fin.

Normal history

The Greenland shark is amongst the biggest cartilaginous fishes. A length can be reached by it of 7 metres (23 legs) and a fat of 1,025 kg (2,260 pounds) whenever completely grown, but the majority are between 2 and 4 metres (6.5 and 13 legs). Minimal is famous, but, about how precisely the types reproduces. Females are believed to achieve maturity that is sexual they surpass the 4-metre (13-foot) mark in total, which takes approx 150 years to reach. They truly are ovoviviparous (that is, eggs are retained in the human body until they hatch) and create on average 10 offspring at any given time. The sort, quantity, and timeframe of parental care the receive that is young unknown, but experts speculate that, like other shark types, Greenland sharks are separate from delivery. No other vertebrate known has a life time provided that this species; radiocarbon relationship of isotopes in the shark’s eye-lens nuclei implies that the earliest Greenland sharks might be significantly more than 500 yrs . old.

Greenland sharks are seldom experienced by people. These are typically considered to choose colder, much much much much deeper surroundings but might be discovered ranging from the ocean area and depths of 2,200 meters (about 7,200 foot). Greenland sharks are slow-moving, typically swimming at prices of lower than 3 kilometer (about 1.9 kilometers) each hour. They truly are carnivorous, and their diet is usually composed of a number of different forms of fishes, including smaller sharks, eels, flounders, and sculpins. Crustaceans, seabirds, and carrion—as well as terrestrial animals (such as for instance horses and reindeer) that probably dropped through the ice—have been present in belly analyses associated with the types. Greenland sharks aren’t considered dangerous to people, in component since they inhabit areas where individuals try not to typically swim; truly the only known report of the feasible assault by a Greenland shark on a person dates to 1859.

Preservation status

Greenland sharks are thought to be a near-threatened types by the Global Union for Conservation of Nature.

The types had been valued because of its liver oil; about 114 litres (30 gallons) of liver oil can be acquired from a sizable specimen (see additionally fish oil). (even though the flesh associated with Greenland shark can be consumed, it really is toxic unless precisely washed and dried out or over repeatedly boiled ahead of consumption.) Greenland sharks had been fished commercially through the nineteenth century until 1960. Norway persecuted Greenland sharks through the 1970s, simply because they had been regarded as a nuisance that threatened other fisheries. Into the 1900s that are early numerous as 30,000 Greenland sharks had been caught per year. The annual take is far smaller; small-scale subsistence fisheries in the Arctic harvest fewer than 100 individuals annually, and roughly 1,200 are caught accidentally in fishing trawls in the present day.