To pick the research samples, a two-stage cluster sampling approach was applied

To pick the research samples, a two-stage cluster sampling approach was applied

The test proportions got proportionally allotted to the dimensions of MSM in each province. We provided only Battambang and Siem Reap provinces because the number of MSM covered by the SAHACOM was too tiny in other provinces after midterm research was actually performed. In addition, the sum total number of MSM population during these two provinces displayed over 70 percent of the total number of MSM protected by the centered avoidance programs from the SAHACOM.

We used communes in each state given that littlest unit when it comes down to sampling procedure. A commune could be within the study if it was actually within the protection associated with SAHACOM programs for at least one year prior to the facts range. Activity locations or hotspots, in which MSM congregated, are recognized by our very own community-based applying lovers and/or generated by utilizing geographic suggestions system mapping earlier developed by our very own investigation staff. The locations or hotspots incorporated nightclubs, discotheques, athletics bars, beauty salons, streets, areas, personal homes, and specific communities. MSM were approached from the venues or hotspots, in which personal interviews had been done. Becoming one of them study, someone must: (1) getting aged 18 age or older; (2) self-report as an MSM; (3) bring lived in a catchment area of the SAHACOM for at least 12 months as recognized by outreach people; (4) have the ability to incorporate permission to sign up during the research; and (5) have the ability to prove on the day on the information range. MSM who have been psychologically and/or literally as well unwell to participate are excluded from research.

Data collection training

All interviewers and field superiors had been trained for just two era on facts range practices, and another time had been allocated for software pretesting and representation. It secure required skills such as interview methods, confidentiality, and confidentiality assurance. The research process and tools are additionally evaluated through the services as a way for the team members becoming thoroughly familiar with them. We additionally provided quality control skill such as for instance rechecking and examining the questionnaires after administration along with solving problems that might develop during fieldwork. Field superiors happened to be motivated to carry out typical meeting with interviewers throughout study duration to review progress and communicate any issues taking place during the data range.

Survey developing

An organized survey was initially produced in English and then translated into Khmer, the national words of Cambodia. Another translator back-translated it into English to ensure the a€?content and spirita€? of any earliest item comprise preserved. Clear information and details had been dealt with in order to avoid any misunderstandings throughout interviews. Standardized equipment happened to be modified from past studies in the same inhabitants [18, 26], the most recent Cambodia market and Health Survey [27], along with other scientific studies in Cambodia [28a€“34]. For information on the questionnairei»?, kindly discover a€?Additional document 1.a€?

Before the data range, a pilot learn is carried out with 10 MSM in Phnom Penh to make sure that the text and items had been culturally acceptable and demonstrably understandable for study Tallahassee escort service participants. Essential customizations had been produced based upon feedback from the pilot research and opinions from experts and experts implementing HIV among MSM in Cambodia before finalizing the survey.

Socio-demographic features included get older, marital status, several years of proper degree complete, primary occupation, typical month-to-month earnings, residing problems, and personal perception about gender personality. Yes/no inquiries were used to collect details on several intimate actions, such as intimate tasks and condom and lubricant need with various associates such regular female partners, typical male couples, female gender people, male intercourse professionals, feminine people, and male people in past times three months. Respondents are in addition questioned about HIV-related education they obtained in past times six months, STI problems and healthcare desire habits for warning signs prior to now 90 days, and illegal medicine use in yesteryear half a year.

Facts admission and analyses

Epi facts version 3 (Odense, Denmark) was used for data entry into a computerized database, and SPSS version 22.0 (IBM agency, ny, USA) was used for many data analyses. Double data entryway had been carried out to reduce entry problems. Descriptive mathematical analyses are performed to calculate means and regular deviations (SD) for numerical variables and wavelengths (per cent) for categorical variables. Chi-square examination or Fishera€™s precise examination were utilized for categorical factors and combined Studenta€™s t-test for steady variables to compare socio-demongraphic characteristics of participants and results indications to discover changes from midterm to endline. Two-sided p-values


Socio-demographic attributes

STI ailments, care-seeking habits, and illegal drug use


This study shows considerable alterations in a few crucial outcome signs from midterm to endline. Big effects from the SAHACOM could be found in the reduced amount of how many sexual associates and purchasing sex. The proportion concerning MSM who stated having STI symptoms decreased, whilst the proportion of MSM who stated seeking care for their latest bout of STIs more than doubled. Illicit drug usage in addition decreased dramatically. However, adverse modifications should be observed. These included the reduction in reported latest HIV evaluation price plus the rise in contribution in sex operate and sexual activity with routine feminine associates. It really is worth-noting that, although no significant modification ended up being found in condom and lubricant use in all relations from midterm to endline, condom utilize with standard male lovers increasing significantly from only 27 percent at standard this season [20] to 62.4 percent at midterm and 64.7 % at endline. But while this information is ideal for plan implementers, this assessment ought to be made with extreme caution because the pace of condom usage at standard ended up being from plan data built-up through table feedback and consultative group meetings with key stakeholders [20], without precisely the info range techniques are available.