Waning crescent: meet with the Polish-Muslim area settled in the heart of European countries

Waning crescent: meet with the Polish-Muslim area settled in the heart of European countries

Together with the rise in anti-Muslim belief, Semi Korycki transformed their lens onto a tiny Sunni Muslim society labeled as gloss Tatars or Lipka Tatars in his native Poland

The Podlasie region of north-eastern Poland is home to a little Sunni Muslim area called gloss Tatars or Lipka Tatars, that decided around for over 300 decades. Professional photographer Selim Korycki is one of the 3000 Poles with Tatar traditions.

For hundreds of years, the Tatar family members on his father’s part lived in what is known now while the Grodno area for Belarus. Like many some other Tatar men and women not able to go back to their particular ancestral land after the next industry War, their family members relocated to Gdansk. A number of other Polish Tatars relocated to Wroclaw, Szczecin, Gorzow Wielkopolski and Bialystok. Last year, he began to investigate his genealogy plus the established community of Polish Tatars in north-eastern Poland.

“Despite becoming brought up as an atheist, I happened to be usually most conscious of my family records along with the reputation of Lipka Tatars. Appropriate numerous conversations about increasing nationalism and Islamophobia, we realised so just how few everyone is alert to the Muslim neighborhood peacefully settled in the heart of Europe for more than 600 years. With the knowledge that Podlasie region could be the sole spot within today’s Polish edges where Tatars not just lived for generations, but they are nevertheless existing now I made a decision to implement the project truth be told there. It was my personal basic stop by at the spot,” states Korycki, whom recorded his task The Waning Crescent during the summer of 2017.

There is a large number of myths about Lipka Tatars inside the room nation. “There is a perception, for example, that Polish Tatars seem like Mongolian nomads, which they speak ‘another’ language, and tend to be un-Polish. In actuality, after 600 many years of assimilation, Poles of Tatar traditions are typically undistinguishable from the remainder of the inhabitants. Just Like their particular mothers, their own grandparents and their great-grandparents they talk Gloss, imagine Shine, feeling Polish, need Polish surnames, devour Polish dinners.” Concurrently shine Tatars enhance their unique customs by practicing Islam, saving old-fashioned Turkic brands, and nurturing old-fashioned Tatar cuisine (main Asian dishes with east European impact).

“Today when not as much as 5% with the society of Poland give consideration to by themselves to-be an associate of a cultural minority, as well as over 85% Poles declares by themselves becoming Roman Catholic,” the photographer urges, “Lipka Tatars are a stunning reminder that Poland used to be a massively multicultural and multi-religious nation”

Dz?emil Gembicki, custodian of Kruszyniany mosque, makes to open up the temple on an earlier the autumn months day. The village of Kruszyniany was one of the locations where Lipka Tatars initially settled in 1679 soon after a royal decree granting several benefits to dedicated Muslim troops.

an ornamental crescent moonlight ornament on screen ledge at Muftiate workplace in Bialystok.

The Gembicki parents at your home. Kasia acts meal for their offspring Lilia and Selim. Dz?emil are a Muslim and Kasia try a Catholic. The conundrum a large number of blended religion families face selecting a faith for their youngsters was actually easily solved: Lilia was brought up as Catholic and Selim as Muslim.

Eugenia Radkiewicz will be the guidelines at Bohoniki mosque. This lady mothers, Lipka Tatars from Lithuania, relocated to Podlasie after another community War to participate their particular extended family. They decided inside town of Malawicze, a couple of kms from Bohoniki.

The 13th Cavalry routine regarding the gloss Army was developed in 1930 and from extremely start their First Squadron was partially staffed by Muslims (Polish Tatars and additionally escapees from Bolshevik Russia). The word ‘Tatar’ got formally added to the squadron’s name in 1936 and any Polish Lipka known as upwards for army solution was actually almost certainly to get serving in the First Squadron. Pictured try an archival graphics in the very first Tatar Squadron in the 13th Cavalry Regiment’s barracks in Nowa Wilejka (in todays Lithuania) consumed July 1937.

Land around the villages of Drahle and Bohoniki got in 1679 by Muslim Lipka soldiers by royal decree from King Jan III Sobieski. Through the 17th century the empire of Poland is engaged compatible partners VyhledГЎvГЎnГ­ in a series of wars with broadening Ottoman kingdom. Through the reign of Jan III Sobieski, Poland achieved some significant victories, one of which had been the Battle of Vienna in 1683. The paradox is the fact that in extremely xenophobic and anti-Islamic weather of today’s Poland, the war of Vienna is oftentimes represented as the clash between Europe and Islam, and supreme historic proof that Poland got always anti-Islam. Unsurprisingly the point that Polish Muslim soldiers fought from the Polish area try hardly ever talked about.

Although today resigned, Halina Szahidewicz is still the bedrock of the Polish Tatar people in Bialystok.

This lady families concerned Podlasie from today’s Belarus following the 2nd community conflict. Halina worked as a teacher for many years. She was also a long-standing couch of the Muslim spiritual organization of Poland, co-founder of Poland’s Joint Council of Catholics and Muslims, plus the 2010 receiver of the Person of discussion prize, considering yearly to those promoting discussion among different religions. In 1999 Halina single-handedly intitiated youngsters group Bun?czuk, which can be effective even today.

“Witaj Szkolo!” Thanks for visiting class! Every child in Poland try met from this sentence at the beginning of Sep when school starts after the summer breaks. Although spiritual knowledge is certainly not compulsory in Poland, a vast most of youngsters go to tuition of faith, frequently run by a Catholic priest/nun (sometimes, if adequate parents/students request they, classes of ethics were trained). Muslim pupils normally aren’t since lucky given that toddlers in Bialystok, where the neighborhood Muslim Religious organization in co-operation with Bialystok’s degree panel together with Muftiate Religious relationship organises Islam classes. The children exactly who attend include a variety of gloss and Crimean Tatars and Chechen refugees. Pictured is actually Mirza, a local imam, that is trusted a prayer course to a mixed set of girls and boys.

Connection over Mahomet. Take on a liquids reservoir from link over Mahomet River near Siemiatycze. The map of north-eastern Poland is actually dotted with hamlets and places deriving their unique labels from Tatars in addition to their culture. Many of those brands are entirely Polonised and only an educated researcher can point to their own Muslim or Asian etymology. Couple of people include unmistakably affected by Islam, together with Mahomet lake is the greatest example.

Mufti of Poland Tomasz Mis?kiewicz inside the prayer place for the Muslim spiritual connection in Bialystok. The concept of Mufti is provided to an educated Muslim who is qualifed to offer advice on software of spiritual laws in all aspects of daily life. Mis?kiewicz, a Polish Tatar from Podlasie, could be the second Mufti when you look at the reputation for Poland keeping his company since 2004. The first Polish Mufti Jakub Szynkiewicz (additionally a Lipka Tatar) took the concept in 1925. Szynkiewicz lived-in exile from 1945 and passed away in america in 1966.